This statement by Rouhani further strongly suggests to me that the red line he's referring to -- Iran's sovereign right to enrich uranium on its soil, a right that other nations take for granted and which the NPT recognizes as inalienable (meaning Iran could not give it away even if it wanted to) -- was really the cause for no deal happenening.
Just to remind everyone, since this post has exploded: enrichment is the most important process whereby natural uranium ore (rocks) are turned into fuel for nuclear reactors. WIthout it, you can only import the fuel.
And as I keep saying over and over and over and over, this demand that Iran abandon enrichment is deliberately made in order to prevent any resolution of the nuclear issue, which would deprive them of a pretext for imposing regime change on Iran (the goal all along.) Iran suspended enrichment entirely for more than two years, and has historically repeatedly offered to limit its enrichment capability to a fraction of what it is today, and even then they didn't accept it. The point is to deprive Iran of her rights and subjugate Iran, relegating Iran and subsequently all other developing nations who signed the NPT and are entitled to develop technologically, to a third class status forever reliant on a handful of self-appointed nations that will form a cartel for nuclear power fuel as well as all the other technological advances that follow (since any form of high tech "could be used to make nukes.") And it is hardly just Iran that objects to this, nor was this just a Bush-era policy which the developing states laughed at.
Lets remember, Iran acheived "High Human Development" status in the 1990s, after a remarkable period of development (67% improvement in their HDI figures since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, beating out all the other BRICs except for China's 70% HDI improvement.) Iran is emerging -- and they're trying to prevent it. These people are quite literally assassins of scientists and mass murderers, after all. You'd be safer in a cage with a wild animal than trust them.
As a country with a major civilian nuclear industry, France would be particularly sensitive to yet another competitor entering the field. Especially since under the NPT, Iran is **LEGALLY ENTITLED** to receive and/or develop -- then export -- the most advanced civilian nuclear technology it wants. In fact in the the text of the NPT, the developing states made sure to insert language that made it clear that the recognized nuclear-armed signatories (China, Russia, France, UK, US) had a positive obligation to actively help promote civilian nuclear technology in developing states. In fact, that was the basis of the NPT bargain, which makes it so much more egregious that the US has prevented the IAEA from providing technical cooperation to Iran even in nuclear safety related areas.
This isn't just about Iran -- they're trying to rewrite the rules of the NonProliferation Treaty to suit themselves.
Under the terms of the NPT, those countries that had made nukes --the "haves" or Nuclear Weapons Nations (NWP) -- made the commitment to reduce and eventually eliminate their arsenals, and the "have-nots" (including Iran, a charter member of the NPT) agreed not to seek atomic weapons as long as they could obtain the advantages of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and as long as the "haves" didn't share their nuke tech with non-NPT signatories (such as Israel and India.)
But instead now the US and the nuclear-armed states -- who have consistently failed to meet their own disarmament obligations under the NPT and have shared nuclear tech with both Israel and more recently India (as a bribe by the US to India for India's vote against Iran at the IAEA Board, incidentally) -- are ALSO FURTHER demanding the the non-nuclear armed NPT signatories give up MORE rights, including the right to make their own nuclear fuel.
How's that for bare-faced audacity?
The IAEA has also been sucked into this after the US tried so hard for so long to replace ElBaradei with Amano, much to the displeasure of developing nations. Heck, the IAEA under Amano even issued a report in which he explicitly LIED about the authority that the IAEA Board had supposedly granted the IAEA on a related issue, as Dan Joyner discovered when he checked the primary documents of a meeting of the Board. These people are about as dishonest as any used car salesman (who at least has to stay within the boundaries of some law.)
Think about it -- they outright fabricated the Board's resoution, to claim that the Board had approved an interpretation of the NPT which went contrary to existing law. In fact as Dan Joyner showed, far from endorsing such a standard, representatives of several countries explicitly objected to such an interpretation. But you'd have to check the transcript to discover that. None of the reporters bothered. The didn't expect anyone to do so.
And naturally developing nations say they don't want to give up their rights to uranium enrichment and don't trust the United States or other nuclear countries to be consistent suppliers of the nuclear material they would need to run their power plants.
In fact, if anything the illegal sanctions placed on Iran's nuclear program right now -- which are in total violation of IRan's NPT-recognized rights -- are themselves proof that neither Iran nor any othe developing nation can rely on any of these countries (or any supposedly "independent" organization they form) to not use the power of control over the sole fuel source of the future post-oil world, for their own political gains. In fact they would be just stupid to trust such an arrangement. Note that the none of the so-called and self-designated supplier states are themselves willing to become hostage to any developing country for their energy sources and instead they go right ahead and develop whatever nukes and bombs and missiles and reactors they want for themselves.